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* A soul seeking wisdom as a treasure of life *

The Virtue of Surah Al-Kahf

Rabbi Zidnee Ilman --> “My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.”

I would like us all to have a little basic knowledge about this Surah. Some simple facts that every person  should know and “remember”.

Surah Al Kahf is a Meccan Surah meaning it was revealed when Prophet Muhammad was in Mecca. It was revealed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ before the Hijrah/Migration to Medina when the persecution of  Muslims and Islam was at its peak. It was revealed somewhere between 8th and 10th year of Prophethood.

There are 4 Major themes in this Surah

1. Trial of Faith –  People of the Cave/ Ashabu Al-Kahf (Verses 9 – 26)
2. Trial of Wealth – The story of the rich and the poor (Verses 32 – 44)
3. Trial of Knowledge – Moses and Al-Khidr (Verses 60–82)
4. Trial of Power – Dhul-Qar-nayn with Yajuj Majuj (Verses 83–98)

Whoever recites Surat Al-Kahf on Friday, it will illuminate him with light from one Friday to the next.

The Meaning of Al Kahf is The Cave and this surah is named after the incident of people of the cave or the Ashabu al Kahf.
Different narrations with different number of ayaat from this surah serve as protection from Ad-Dajjal.

Because of the tribulation of the Anti-Christ it is important to memorize the first and last ten Ayaat of this Surah.

Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her), the leading female scholar from the Prophet’s generation, quoted him as saying, “Indeed, Allah loves that whenever any one of you does something, he or she does it in the best way.”[At-Tabaraani]


Friday,is  a day of virtue in Islam.

Prophet Muhammad asked us to recite Surah Al-Kahf every friday as the Surah has 4 Stories in it. It will protect you between two fridays.

The 4 reasons are as follows:

1. The people of the cave

In the Surah, there is a story of a people who lived in a disbelieving town, so they decided to migrate for the sake of Allah and run away.

Whilst in the cave, Allah rewards them with mercy in the cave and protects them from the sun- when they woke up, they found the entire village believers.

The moral of the story above is to teach us that they faith will always be tried and only the believers will obtain and be protected from adversities as Allah does not injustice to the good doers . While on Earth we may be tried by many things but always remember that the  divine justice will always be there watching over you.

2. The owner of two gardens.

A story of a man who was blessed by Allah with two beautiful gardens, but the same man forgot to thank the almighty and even doubted him regrding the afterlife.

So his garden was destroyed - he regretted, but it was too late and his regret did not benefit him.

The moral of this story is that when we are given wealth we are tried in how we choose to spend it.

3. Here, in the Surah there is a narration of Prophet Musa (AS) and Khidr (AS).

Here, when Musa was asked who was the knowledgeable of the people of earth, he replied by saying it was him,

But Allah revealed to him that there was someone who had more knowledge than him.

On knowing this, Musa (AS) travelled to the man and learnt how the divine wisdom can sometimes be hidden in matters which we perceive as bad. 

So, always trust that everything you experience has wisdom in it , and for the greater good of your soul.

The moral of the story, there is always good in every bad situation and ALLAH knows best.

4. Dhul-Qarnayn

It is a story of a great King that was given knowledge and power and was going around the world, helping people and spreading all that is good.

He was able to overcome the problem of Yajooj-Majood and build a massive dam with the help of people whom he could not even understand.

The moral of story that when you have power you will be tried in different forms.

In the Surah, ALLAH mentions iblees as the one who brings fitnah among the people and stirs these trials,

Behold, we said to the angels; Bow down to Adam, they bowed down except iblees,

He was one of the Jinns and he broke the command of his Lord.

When should i read Surah al-Kahf?

It is recommended to recite Surat al-Kahf completely the night before Friday, and it is also recommended to do so Friday itself, before Maghrib time. Ibn Abidin said, “And it is best to do so early on Friday, in order to rush to the good and to avoid forgetting.” [Ibn Abidin, Radd al-Muhtar, Bab al-Jumu`ah]

The evidence for it being recommended includes the hadith related by Hakim and Bayhaqi, from Abu Sa`id (Allah be pleased with him), Whoever recites Surat al-Kahf on Friday, light shall shine forth for him between the two Fridays. [Ibn Hajar, Talkhis al-Habir]

The Virtue of Surah Al-Kahf
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